In 1995, Italy reached the peak of their HIV and AIDS epidemic. However, since that time, the number of cases has fallen significantly. Causes of the disease are mainly sexual contact and drug usage. The Catholic Church has been a major contributor of treatment and prevention of HIV and AIDS alike. Through teachings on safe sex and abstinence, public health campaigns, and a general promotion of HIV/AIDS awareness, fewer and fewer diagnosises are being reported each year. According Wikipedia, 60,000 to 120,000 people were living with HIV/AIDS in Italy in 2009. The disease epidemic was definitely a wake up call to all Italians. It told them that they needed to change their lifestyles by practicing safe sex and realizing the dangers of drug usage in order to stay healthy and HIV/AIDS free. Hopefully, the downward trend in disease victims will continue.